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Guangxia Gao, Ph.D, Prof.

Principal Investigator
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity,IBP
Deputy Director
Chair of CAS Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity
Mechanistic studies on HIV-host interactions
E-mail:gaogx@moon.ibp.ac.cn,Tel:010-64888545
Fax:010-64877837,Zip code:100101

Biography & Introduction  

Education:

1988: Bachelor of Science, Department of Biochemistry, Beijing University

1995: Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Biochemistry, Columbia University, USA

Professional experience:

1995-1999: Postdoctoral fellow, Biochemistry Department, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University

1999-2001: Associate Research Scientist, Biochemistry Department, Columbia University

2001-present: Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Our research mainly focuses on the molecular mechanism underlying retrovirus-host interaction. Using a high-throughout genetic screening system, we cloned a host antiviral factor named Zinc-finger Antiviral Protein (ZAP). In-depth mechanistic studies on ZAP in our lab revealed that ZAP specifically binds to viral mRNA, represses its translation and recruits RNA degradation machinery to degrade the RNA. These results were published in high-profile journals such as Science, EMBO J, Nat Struct Mol Biol and PNAS. Our recent research focuses on the identification of novel host anti-HIV factors. Multiple such factors have been isolated and extensive mechanistic analyses are underway.

Selected Publications  

1. Tang Q, Wang X, Gao G*. (2016) ZAPS inhibits influenza A viral protein expression and is antagonized by the virus encoded NS1. J Virol. Nov 2. pii: JVI.01909-16.

2. Wang X, Li M, Zhao J, Li S, MacDonald M, Rice C, Gao X, Gao G*. (2016) Sindbis virus can exploit a host antiviral protein to evade immune surveillance. J Virol 90(22): p10247-10258.

3. Wang Q, Zhang X, Han Y, Wang X*, Gao G*. (2016) M2BP inhibits HIV-1 virion production in a vimentin filamentsdependent manner. Scientific Reports. Sep 8;6:32736.

4. Tao X, Gao G*. (2015) Tristetraprolin Recruits Eukaryotic Initiation Factor 4E2 To Repress Translation of AU-Rich Element-Containing mRNAs. Mol Cell Biol. Nov 15;35(22):3921-32.

5. Mu X, Fu Y, Zhu Y, Wang X, Xuan Y, Shang H, Goff SP, Gao G*. (2015) HIV-1 exploits RuvB-like 2 to balance viral protein expression. Cell Host & Microbe. Aug 12;18(2):233-42.

6. Mu X, Li W, Wang X, Gao G*. (2013) YB-1 stabilizes HIV-1 genomic RNA and enhances viral production. Protein & Cell. Aug;4 (8):591-7

7. Xuan Y, Gong D, Qi J, Han C, Deng H, Gao G*. (2013) ZAP inhibits murine gammaherpesvirus-68 ORF64 expression and is antagonized by RTA, J Virol. 87 (5): 2735-43.

8. Zhu Y, Wang X, Goff SP, Gao G*. (2012) Translational repression precedes and is required for ZAP-mediated mRNA decay. EMBO J. 31 (21):4236-46.

9. Li W, Wang X, Gao G*. (2012) Expression of YB-1 enhances production of murine leukemia virus vectors by stabilizing genomic viral RNA. Protein & Cell. Dec;3(12):943-9.

10. Xuan Y, Liu L, Shen S, Deng H, Gao G*. (2012) Zinc-finger antiviral protein inhibits murine gammaherpesvirus-68 M2 expression and regulates viral latency in cultured cells. J Virol. 86 (22):12431-4.

11. Wang, X., Tu, F., Zhu, Y., and Gao G*. (2012) Zinc-finger antiviral protein inhibits XMRV infection. PLoS One 7, e39159

12. Sun L, Lv F, Guo X, Gao G*. (2012) Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) modulates antiviral activity of zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP). J Biol Chem. 287 (27): 22882-8.

13. Chen S, Xu Y, Zhang K, Wang X, Sun J, Gao G*, Liu Y*. (2012) Structure of N-terminal domain of ZAP indicates how a zinc-finger protein recognizes complex RNA. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 19 (4): 430-5.

14. Zhu Y, Chen G, Lv F, Wang X, Ji X, Xu Y, Sun J, Wu L, Zheng Y, Gao G*. (2011) Zinc-finger antiviral protein inhibits HIV-1 infection by selectively targeting multiply spliced viral mRNAs for degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Sep 20;108 (38):15834-9.

15. Ding J, Su L, Gao G*. (2011) Hrs inhibits citron kinase-mediated HIV-1 budding via its FYVE domain. Protein & Cell. Jun;2 (6):470-6.

16. Mai Y, Gao G*. (2010) Expression of IMP1 Enhances Production of Murine Leukemia Virus Vector by Facilitating Viral Genomic RNA Packaging. PLoS ONE. Dec 29; 5 (12):e15881.

17. Ye P, Liu S, Zhu Y, Chen G, Gao G*. (2010) DEXH-Box Protein DHX30 is required for optimal function of the zinc-finger antiviral protein. Protein & Cell. Vol.1 (10),956-964.

18. Huang Z, Wang X, Gao G*. (2010) Analyses of SELEX-derived ZAP-binding RNA aptamers suggest that the binding specificity is determined by both structure and sequence of the RNA. Protein & Cell. Vol.1(8), 752-759.

19. Wang X†, Lv F†, Gao G*. (2010) Mutagenesis analysis of the zinc-finger antiviral protein. Retrovirology. Mar 13;7:19.

20. Xu J, Liu S, Xu Y, Tian B, Gao G*. (2009) Identification of the nonstructural protein 4B of hepatitis C virus as a factor that inhibits the antiviral activity of interferon-alpha. Virus Research. 141(1): 55–62.

21. Zhu Y, Gao G*. (2008) ZAP-mediated mRNA degradation. RNA Biology 5 (2): 65-7 (Invited minireview)

22. Chen G, Guo X, Lv F, Gao G*. (2008) p72 DEAD box RNA helicase is required for optimal function of the Zinc-finger antiviral protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 105 (11): 4352-7.

23. Guo X., Ma J., Sun J., and Gao G*. (2007) The Zinc-finger Antiviral Protein Recruits the RNA Processing Exosome to Degrade Target RNAs. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Vol. 104 (1): 151-6

24. Duan J, Ji X, et al, Gao G*, Yan X* (2006) A human neutralizing antibody against a conformational epitope shared by oligomeric S1 protein. Antiviral Therapy 11(1): 117-23

25. Liu S, Goff SP and Gao G* (2006) Gln84 of Moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase regulates the incorporation rates of ribonucleotides and deoxyribonucleotides. FEBS Letters 580: 1497-1501.

26. Guo X, Carroll JW, Macdonald MR, Goff SP, Gao G*. (2004) The zinc finger antiviral protein directly binds to specific viral mRNAs through the CCCH zinc finger motifs. J Virol. Dec;78(23):12781-7.

27. Liu L, Chen G, Ji X, Gao G* (2004). ZAP is a CRM1-dependent nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. Aug 27;321(3):517-23.

28. Gao G, Goff SP (2004) Isolation of suppressor genes that restore retrovirus susceptibility to a virus-resistant cell line. Retrovirology. Sep 28;1 (1):30.

29. Gao, G.,Guo,X and Goff, S.P. (2002). Inhibition of Retroviral RNA Production by ZAP, a CCCH-type Antiviral Protein. Science 297:1703-1706.

30. 王俊,王延轶,王盛典,田志刚,刘利新,刘昱,杨艳,李姝,李颖,陈宇,陈永艳,陈桂芳,郑世军,钟波,郭德银,高光侠,康曦,舒红兵,抗病毒天然免疫(内源性免疫:宿主限制因子),科学出版社,39万字,2009

 

From Guangxia Gao, 2017-02-07 update

 

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Institute of Biophysics, CAS    Address: 15 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China
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