Nanozymes for Regenerative Medicine, Small Methods, 6 Oct 2022
Small Methods, 6 October, 2022, DOI：https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.202200997
Nanozymes for Regenerative Medicine
Xiaozhou Mou, Qingyuan Wu, Zheao Zhang, Yunhang Liu, Jungang Zhang, Chengwu Zhang, Xiaoyi Chen, Kelong Fan, Huiyu Liu
Nanozymes refer to nanomaterials that catalyze enzyme substrates into products under relevant physiological conditions following enzyme kinetics. Compared to natural enzymes, nanozymes possess the characteristics of higher stability, easier preparation, and lower cost. Importantly, nanozymes possess the magnetic, fluorescent, and electrical properties of nanomaterials, making them promising replacements for natural enzymes in industrial, biological, and medical fields. On account of the rapid development of nanozymes recently, their application potentials in regeneration medicine are gradually being explored. To highlight the achievements in the regeneration medicine field, this review summarizes the catalytic mechanism of four types of representative nanozymes. Then, the strategies to improve the biocompatibility of nanozymes are discussed. Importantly, this review covers the recent advances in nanozymes in tissue regeneration medicine including wound healing, nerve defect repair, bone regeneration, and cardiovascular disease treatment. In addition, challenges and prospects of nanozyme researches in regeneration medicine are summarized.